“ChivaCare provide Stroke Recovery Services from right diagnosis, best medicine through success recovery”
When suffering a stroke, part of the brain is damaged. As a consequence, there is brain dysfunction. The damaged brain causes a range of clinical symptoms dependent on which parts of the brain have been affected.
To regain brain function, a multimodal approach is required including medication, physical therapy, and occupational therapy. The scientific evidence on approaches to after-stroke care, shows clearly that the most beneficial recovery effects of medication and rehabilitation, are highest when medical interventions begin within one month, and continue for three to six months to develop and maintain function. Stroke rehabilitation can help patients regain independence and improve their quality of life.
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to train the brain to improve its functions and to repair itself where possible. The mechanism of neurons cells adapt is called Neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity, is the ability of the brain to change throughout life – brain activity associated with a given function can be transferred to a different location, the proportion of grey matter can change, and synapses may strengthen or weaken over time. Research shows many aspects of the brain can be altered even through adulthood. This notion is in contrast with previous scientific consensus where the brain was seen to remain relatively unchanged.
What’s Involved in Stroke Rehabilitation?
There are many approaches to stroke rehabilitation. Each rehabilitation plan depends on the part of the body that has been affected or the type of ability that has changed by the stroke.
These exercises can help improve muscle strength and coordination. This therapy might be applied to strengthen patient’s swallowing.
The patient might learn to use mobility aids, such as a walker, cane, wheelchair or ankle brace. The ankle brace can stabilize and strengthen the patient’s ankle to help support the patient body’s weight while the patient relearn to walk.
An unaffected limb is restrained while the patient practice moving the affected limb to help improve its function. This therapy is sometimes called forced-use therapy.
Certain exercises and treatments can ease muscle tension (spasticity) and help the patient regain range of motion.
Technology-assisted Physical Activities
Functional Electrical Stimulation
Electricity is applied to weakened muscles, causing them to contract. The electrical stimulation may help re-educate the patient’s muscles.
Cognitive and Emotional Activities
Therapy for Cognitive Disorders
Occupational therapy and speech therapy can help the patient with lost cognitive abilities, such as memory, processing, problem-solving, social skills, judgment and safety awareness.
Therapy for Communication Disorders
Speech therapy can help the patient regain lost abilities in speaking, listening, writing and comprehension.
Psychological Evaluation and Treatment
The patient’s emotional adjustment might be tested and might also have counseling or participate in a support group.
The patient’s doctor might recommend an antidepressant or a medication that affects alertness, agitation or movement.
Who Participates In a Patient’s Stroke Recovery?
A primary doctor can guide the patient’s care, manage their medication, and treat related complication and risk factors of stroke. Neurologist can provide the “Neuroprotection medication” to boost brain cell recovery faster.
These therapists help the patient relearn movements such as walking and keeping their balance.
These therapists help the patient relearn hand and arm use for daily skills such as bathing, tying the patient’s shoes or buttoning a shirt. Occupational therapists can also address swallowing and cognitive issues, and safety in the patient’s home.
Therapeutic Recreation Specialists
These specialists help the patient resume activities and roles the patient enjoyed before the patient’s stroke, including hobbies and community participation.